When is Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Birthday?
Download: Investigation Into The So Called Janam Patri of Guru Gobind Singh Ji
Shaheedi dates of Sahibzadas
Shaheedi: Two younger Sahibzadas and Mata Gujri Ji – December 26th.
Shaheedi Date of four Piyaray
Nuggets from Sikh History Dr Ganda Singh published this in 1949, under Sikh History Board of SGPC. The title of this page is: ਤਾਰੀਖ਼ਆਏਂ ਵਲਾਦਤ ਵ ਵਫ਼ਾਤ ਪੰਜ ਪਿਆਰਿਆਂ (Birth and death dates of Punj Piaras). Accordingly, other than Bhai Dya Singh ji, other four Piaras were martyred in Chamkaur (ਸ਼ਹਾਦਤ ਦਰ ਜੰਗ ਚਮਕੌਰ), on 8-Poh, Sammat 1761 BK (1704 AD).
Discussion on the Shaheedi dates of Sahibzadas
The discussion on the Shaheedi dates of the four Sahibzadas have been discussed in the paper ‘Problem of Date Conversions in Sikh History‘.
Here additional information and supporting material is being provided. Some material to show that Vaisakhi of 1699 CE Julian was on 29th March, and not on 30th March as popularized by Dr. Ganda Singh.
“In a few hours on a single day, the 39th birthday of the Guru, the two tender princes, Ajit Singh and Jujhar Singh, still in their teens, three of the five beloved ones and thirty two other Khalsa, closely watched by the Guru, laid down their lives at the altar of faith and freedom.”
Even Dr Gupta and so many others have given this date as 22 December, 1604. Most authors agree that the battle of Chamkaur took place on 8th Poh. It was 7th December on 8th Poh, the Shaheedi day of the Elder Sahibzadas. It was 13th Poh when the Younger Sahibzadas achieved Shaheedi, and the corresponding date was 12th December, Julian. Many historians have just given the present day Gregorian date equivalent to 8th Poh, and 13th Poh.
If 8th Poh which was on 7th December can be celebrated on 22nd December now a days, why cannot Vaisakhi which was on 29th March 1699 Julian, be celebrated on 14 th April? It is the same logic. The important thing here to note is, that the Shaheedi day celebrations are fixed on 8th Poh and 13 Poh – and not on 22 December and 27 December. These Bikrami dates will go on shifting in CE calendar, but since 8 Poh in Nanakshahi calendar is on 21st December for all times to come, these dates will not shift in relation to the CE calendar.
The frequently asked questions based on these answers and the data behind the evidence are based on published papers, evidence and research by thought leaders, experts, historians and scholars in the field. In addition, great deal of history and insight exists in Pal Singh Purewal’s published books, papers and public responses to: Interview with Indian Express|Gurmit Singh |Mr. Lamba|Tara Singh| Harcharan Singh